Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. Bad breath may also occur.
A dental implant is a long-term solution for replacing missing teeth.
Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance of teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics in colour, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance
4 types of Cosmetic Dental Procedures
Inlays / Onlays
In dentistry, inlays and onlays are a form of indirect restoration. This means they are made outside of the mouth as a single, solid piece, that fits the specific size and shape of the cavity. The restoration is then cemented in place in the mouth.
Composite bonding is simply a cosmetic technique where composite resin (white filling material) is used to repair chipped teeth or teeth where the enamel is damaged. Composite bonding can also be used to close small gaps in between teeth or even improve the shade and colour of your teeth.
Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers porcelain) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
A crown is a tooth-shaped cap that is placed over the entire visible portion of your tooth. It’s a permanent solution for a damaged tooth and once it’s fixed in place, a crown will look, feel and function just like any other tooth. Crowns are usually needed if you have a damaged or weakened tooth that cannot be fixed with a filling.
Tooth whitening is a process that makes discoloured teeth whiter
Restorative dentistry encompasses the dental specialties of endodontics, periodontics and prosthodontics and its foundation is based upon how these interact in cases requiring multifaceted care. In addition, restorative needs not derive from only diseases of the teeth like cavities and medical conditions but also from trauma.
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws. It can also focus on modifying facial growth, known as dentofacial orthopedics.
Abnormal alignment of the teeth and jaws is common, nearly 30% of the population has malocclusions (incorrectly positioned teeth) severe enough to benefit from orthodontic treatment. ] Treatment can take several months to a few years, it involves the use of dental braces and other appliances to slowly move the teeth and jaws around.
Dentists and orthodontists are both doctors of teeth and oral care but orthodontists are those dentists who have done an additional 2 year residency program on orthodontics to qualify.
Endodontists are highly skilled dental specialists in diagnosing and treating tooth pain and performing root canal treatment.
Root canals are recommended or needed when there is an infection deep within the tooth. The pulp inside the tooth can become infected with bacteria because of an injury or because of a severe, untreated cavity. Without treatment, the infection can become severe enough that the tooth has to be removed.
The science of and art of providing suitable substitutes for the coronal portions of teeth, or for one or more lost or missing teeth and their associated parts, so that impaired function, appearance, comfort, and health of the patient may be restored.
Good oral hygiene is one of the most effective ways of preventing long term dental problems and cleaning teeth properly prevents tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath and stops more serious problems such as tooth loss.